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Health Prevention

Remaining healthy during your travels is very important. You will have to pay extra attention to your health. We have a few tips for you:

The Tanzanian climate is tropical which slows everything down. You won’t be able to get the same amount of work done in a day. Take it easy and adapt to the climate.


Be careful with sunburn. The fierce tropical sun burns your skin much quicker than what you are used to. Make sure to use a high factor sun lotion and wear a hat or cap.


Don’t swim in rivers, lakes or still waters. You can easily catch diseases in doing so. Swimming in the sea is safe.


Cholera is a worldwide disease. The vaccination against cholera offers too little protection and is therefore no longer in use. Consuming food or beverages that are infected with cholera can cause this condition. A proper hygiene eliminates the chance of getting cholera.


Dengue is a virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes. Other than malaria mosquitoes, Dengue mosquitoes are active during the day and in cities. Use repellent during the day, half an hour after applying sun lotion.


Diarrhea is likely to happen to those traveling to tropical destinations. The biggest danger is that you dehydrate. Keep drinking, preferably a solution of salt and glucose (ORS) and continue doing so while the diarrhea lasts. See a doctor when you get fever, and when your condition worsens or doesn’t improve after a few days.

Animal bites

A few simple precautions can prevent you from getting bitten by snakes or scorpions. When you go walking in nature, wear sturdy shoes that protect your ankles and feet. Beware of where you walk (especially in tall grass and under heaps of leaves) Don’t stick your hands in dark chasms and check the area you want to sit down. Chances of being bitten are small as long as you are careful.


You are likely to dehydrate quickly because of the warm climate. Make sure to drink lots of water with a minimum of 2 liters a day. Bottled water and soda is sold everywhere. When buying bottled water, check that the cap is still fixed to ensure it is really bottled water that you buy.


Hygienic handling of your food is a very important part of staying healthy. Make sure that everything you eat or drink cooked, baked or fried or from an unopened bottle or tin. Be careful buying your food in the streets. Avoid using unboiled water or any food that has been prepared with this such as ice or salad. Consider bringing vitamin pills.


Malaria is a zymotic disease that is transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes infected with malaria. These mosquitoes are mostly found in the lower planes. While malaria pills don’t give you a 100% protection it is best to avoid being bitten.

- Wear protective clothes after sundown with long sleeves and legs.
- Use insect repellent like DEET on the uncovered skin.
- Keep mosquitoes out of your rooms during sundown and sunset. Sleep under a mosquito net.


Tanzania has both government hospitals and private clinics that offer good services, most of them in Dar es Salaam. There are pharmacies all over the country where you can buy all common drugs. One of the XS21World staff can advise you on where to get the best medical treatment.